China said on Tuesday that the per capita disposable income of rural residents exceeded 16,000 yuan ($ 2,385) in 2019, double that of 2010, reaching the target set in the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) un year before the planned date of 2020..
The announcement was made during a press briefing by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs before the end of 2020, the final year of the country’s 13th five-year plan.
Per capita disposable income of rural residents has grown at a faster rate than that of urban residents for 10 consecutive years, said Vice Minister Liu Huanxin. The ministry has made efforts to enable people to eat better, promoting green, mechanized and efficient agriculture, Liu added.
The past five years have seen great improvements in industrial agricultural production capacity, rural poverty reduction, rural governance and environmental renewal, said Li Guoxiang, a researcher at the Rural Development Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
Science and technology have contributed to the advancement of agriculture, with 70 percent of cultivation and harvesting activities being mechanized, according to Liu.
To mitigate the pandemic’s influence on investments in agriculture and rural areas, Liu said his ministry is working to expand fundraising channels.
Liu also revealed that the ministry is currently preparing for the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) and is actively planning a number of basic, long-term and strategic agricultural projects, focusing on high-quality agricultural land, the storage and the cold chain. logistics facilities, digital agriculture, etc.
China has started construction of cold chain logistics facilities in 16 provinces and municipalities nationwide since 2020. Cold chain logistics facilities enable rural residents in poor areas to sell their special local vegetables, fruits and products. .
Construction of cold chain warehousing and logistics facilities is expected to progress significantly over the next five years.
Cereal production remains stable
China’s grain production has remained stable over the past five years, ensuring food security for its citizens, the ministry said at the press conference.
Liu said the country’s annual grain output has been around 650 billion kilograms for six years, a steady increase over the previous five-year plan period, ensuring every citizen 470 kg of grain per year.
According to Liu, the country is able to produce more rice and wheat than its population consumes, as well as 95 percent of all the maize needed. Supplies of meat, fruits, vegetables and other agricultural products also remained stable.
Data released by Liu also shows that the country currently has maintained its permanent cropland at 1.55 billion mu of permanent cropland (about 1.03 million km2), compared to the target of 1.546 billion mu. ‘by the end of 2020 set in 2018 to reserve enough arable land. land for grain production.
China feeds 1.4 billion people with secure and stable food supplies from 2016 to 2020